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El Paso Community College
Library Research Guides

EPCC Summer Program 2020- Evaluating Online Sources

Target audience: ages 8 through 13. Dates: June 8-26, Tuesdays and Thursdays, from 3-4pm

Misinformation and Disinformation

  • This section attempts to break down and explore aspects of misinformation and disinformation.
  • Misinformation (noun): false or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive.
  • Disinformation (noun): false information which is intended to mislead, especially propaganda issued by a government organization to a rival power or the media.


  • .Fake News (noun): 

(usually used with a singular verb)
1. false news stories, often of a sensational nature, created to be widely shared or distributed for the purpose of generating revenue, or promoting or discrediting a public figure, political movement, company, etc.:
It’s impossible to avoid clickbait and fake news on social media.




2. a parody that presents current events or other news topics for humorous effect in an obviously satirical imitation of journalism:
The website publishes fake news that is hilarious and surprisingly insightful.



3. Sometimes Facetious. (used as a conversational tactic to dispute or discredit information that is perceived as hostile or unflattering):
The senator insisted that recent polls forecasting an election loss were just fake news.



Source: Fake News. 2019. Retrieved from: 



  • Bias—a predisposition that prevents a fair, balanced judgment. Debaters often challenge an opponent’s evidence if they believe that the source is biased. Bias may result from self-interest (a teachers’ union is, of course, very likely to favor higher teacher salaries and larger school budgets; government officials will generally defend the policies they have enacted) or from consistent identification with a particular ideology (the Cato Institute, for instance, almost always advocates for smaller government). 


Source: Phillips, Leslie. (2016). Dictionary of Debate and Public Speaking. New York, NY: International Debate Education Association. P. 15. Retrieved from:

  • Native advertising: is a type of advertising, mostly online, that matches the form and function of the platform upon which it appears


  • Clickbait: (on the Internet) content whose main purpose is to attract attention and encourage visitors to click on a link to a particular web page.


  • Post-truth- Adjective

[Oxford Dictionaries's word of the year for 2016.]

Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief.

‘in this era of post-truth politics, it's easy to cherry-pick data and come to whatever conclusion you desire’

‘some commentators have observed that we are living in a post-truth age’

Source: Oxford Dictionaries.   

  • Truthiness: the quality of seeming or being felt to be true, even if not necessarily true. (coined by comedian Stephen Colbert in 2005)
  • rage profiteering.” - A rage profiteer is a person or a website that traffics in outrage.

Source: Rage Profiteers: How Bloggers Harness Our Anger For Their Own Gain. Ryan Holiday • 10/21/14 10:06am


  • Yellow journalism: journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration. Origin: 1895: from the appearance in an issue of the New York World of a cartoon in which a child in a yellow dress (‘The Yellow Kid’) was the central figure. The color printing was an experiment designed to attract customers. Source: Google Dictionary 
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